17 October 2010

Jean-Baptiste Gustave Le Gray (1820-1884)

 Gustave Le Gray Self portrait, c. 1852



"Though he was trained as a painter, Gustave Le Gray made his mark in the emerging medium of photography. An experimenter and technical innovator, Le Gray pioneered the use of the paper negative in France and developed a waxed-paper negative that produced sharper-focus prints. In 1851 he began to use collodion on glass negatives, which further increased the clarity of his images. He became one of the first five photographers, along with Édouard-Denis Baldus and Hippolyte Bayard, to work for the missions héliographiques, a government-sponsored commission to document the state of repair of important French monuments and buildings.

Le Gray is credited with teaching photography to many important French photographers in the 1850s. In 1851 he became a founding member of the Société Héliographique, the first photographic organization in the world, and later joined the Société Française de Photographie. In 1860 Le Gray started to tour the Mediterranean with the writer Alexandre Dumas, but they soon parted company. Le Gray went on to Lebanon and then to Egypt, where he became a professor of drawing and died in 1884."
source: GETTY Edu





The Great Wave, Sète, 1856–59
Gustave Le Gray (French, 1820–1884)
Albumen silver print from two glass negatives
13 1/4 x 16 5/16 in. (33.7 x 41.4 cm)





Mediterranean with Mount Agde, 1857
Gustave Le Gray
Albumen silver print from two glass negatives
  




 
Grand Mediterranean wave
      Gustave Le Gray, 1857          

Albumen print from two glass negatives
                323 x 412 mm 






Brick [called Brick au clair de lune]
                Gustave Le Gray, summer 1856 and1857 (?)               
Albumen print from collodion glass negative
   320 x 420 mm

source: BNF





Gustave Le Gray
Fontainebleau, 1849
Salt print, from a waxed calotype negative

source: GETTY Edu





Gnarled Oak Tree near the l'Épine Crossroads
Gustave Le Gray
1849 - 1852
Albumen print


source: GETTY Edu





Portrait of Victor Cousin
Gustave Le Gray
,
1854-1859
Albumen print

source: GETTY Edu


link: Gustave Le Gray Seascapes at The Victoria and Albert Museum



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