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Showing posts from January, 2008

Towards Photojournalism: Alexander Gardner and the Lincoln Conspirators

Alexander Gardner (1821 – 1882)
Execution of conspirators to Lincoln's assassination (July 7, 1865)

Documentary Photography

Albert Fernique1841-1898
Album de la construction de la Statue de la Liberté. (published 1883, Paris)

source: New York Public Library Digital Collection

Lewis Carrol

Ambrotype photograph by Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) from July 21, 1865 depicting Effie Gray Millais, John Everett Millais, and their daughters Effie and Mary at 7 Cromwell Place, signed by Effie Millais.

"Alexandra 'Xie' Rhoda Kitchin (September 29, 1864-April 6, 1925) was the favourite photographic subject of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll), who photographed her around fifty times, from age four until just before her sixteenth birthday. She was also a notable 'child-friend' of Dodgson. The works they made together, often in tableau form, are commonly known to collectors, curators, and the contemporary artists who are inspired by them as the 'Xie' (pronounced 'Ecksy' - a diminutive form of Alexandra) pictures."


Alice Liddell and her sisters, c.1859

Photo of Alice Liddell by Lewis Carroll. (1858)


André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri and the business of photography

André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri (French, 1819–1889)
Prince Lobkowitz, 1858
Albumen silver print from glass negative; 7 7/8 x 9 1/8 in. (20 x 23.2 cm)
image source:

André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri
The Organ Grinder
c. 1853 , salt print 5 7/8 x 4 3/4 in.
image source:

Multiple-shot camera invented by Desderi
image source:

Carte-de-visite photography by Robert Leggat

Pierre-Louis Pierson

Pierre-Louis Pierson, Countess of Castiglione, c.1860

"La Divine Comtesse": Photographs of the Countess de Castiglione, Metropolitan Museum, NY

Early Photography: Between Historical Documentation and Fictional Narrative

Re-enactment of the October 16, 1846 ether operation; daguerrotype by Southworth & Hawes.
image source:

Étienne Carjat

Étienne Carjat (French, 1828–1906)
Charles Baudelaire, ca. 1863
image source:

David Octavius Hill

Newhaven fishwives
by Hill & Adamson

David Octavius Hill standing at the gate to his studio
calotype by Hill & Adamson.

David Octavius Hill (1802–1870) and Robert Adamson (1821–1848)
Redding the Line (Portrait of James Linton), c. 1846
Scotish National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh
image source:

David Octavius Hill (1802–1870) and Robert Adamson (1821–1848)
"Photograph from the frontispiece of an album dated 1848,
showing D O Hill sketching in Greyfriars Kirkyard, watched by the Misses Morris.
Other tableaux in the same setting included The Artist and The Gravedigger"

"Many of Hill's portraits were made in the Edinburgh Greyfriars cemetery - nothing is more characteristic of this early period than the way his subjects were at home there. An…

Julia Margaret Cameron

Julia Margaret Cameron
My Favorite Picture of All My Works.
My Niece Julia
April 1867

Julia Margaret Cameron
Julia Jackson


Julia Margaret Cameron
Mrs. Herbert Duckworth
April 1867

Julia Margaret Cameron (1815 – 1879)
J.F.W. Herschel


Pomona 1872

The Rosebud Garden 1868

Pre-Raphaelite study 1870

Queen Esther before King Ahasuerus 1865


Rossetti, Beata Beatrice, 1863, Tate Gallery

Rossetti, Boca Bacciata, 1859

links: Rossetti Archives


Nadar - “Panthéon Nadar“, lithography, 1853

Nadar (Gaspard-Félix Tournachon , 1820 – 1910) - Self Portrait, 1855

"NADAR élevant la Photographie à la hauteur de l'Art"
(NADAR elevating Photography to the high level of Art).
Lithograph by Honore Daumier, Le Boulevard, 1862.

Baudelaire photographié par Nadar, 1854
source: Musée d'Orsay

Nadar - Sarah Bernhardt 1859


Nadar - George Sand c.1864

Nadar - Rossini 1856

Nadar - one of his first aerial photos of Paris, 1858


Nadar by Nadar 1858

source: Google-LIFE

Nadar: The right to flight

source: Gallica BNF

A Nadar photo of Santos-Dumont in one of his (heavier-than-air) aeroplane de…

Giphantie: the prophecy of photography (and film, tv, video, webcams...)

According to M. W. Marien (Photography, A Cultural History), prior to 1800, in utopian and speculative fiction there is only one example of imaginative anticipation of photography and film: the novel Giphantie by CHARLES-FRANCOIS TIPHAIGNE DE LA ROCHE (1722 - 1774), published in 1760.

“You know, that rays of light reflected from different bodies form pictures, paint the image reflected on all polished surfaces, for example, on the retina of the eye, on water, and on glass. The spirits have sought to fix these fleeting images; they have made a subtle matter by means of which a picture is formed in the twinkling of an eye. They coat a piece of canvas with this matter, and place it in front of the object to be taken. The first effect of this cloth is similar to that of a mirror, but by means of its viscous nature the prepared canvas, as is not the case with the mirror, retains a fac-simile of the image.The mirror represents images faithfully, but retains none; our canvas reflects…