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Showing posts from February, 2009

Alfred Stieglitz (1864-1946): photography and modernity

The Steerage, 1907

"There were men and women and children on the lower deck of the steerage.... I longed to escape from my surroundings and join them.... A round straw hat, the funnel leaning left, the stairway leaning right.... round shapes of iron machinery... I saw a picture of shapes and underlying that, the feeling I had about life..."

source: http://www.rleggat.com/photohistory/history/stieglit.htm





Portrait of Georgia O' Keefe, 1918

The Photography of Everyday Life: Jacques Henri Lartigue (1894 – 1986)

'Grand Prix de Circuit de la Seine', June 26th 1912




The Photography of Everyday Life: Giuseppe Primoli (1851-1927)

Street vendors in Rome




Reception at the Quirinal Palace (Palazzo Quirinale), Rome, 1893




Hunting scene


Photos of Degas in Paris, 1889





Link:
Fondazione Primoli

The Photography of Everyday Life: Paul Martin (1864-1942)

Blind beggar at the cattle market, c.1890
Paul Martin
British, 1864 - 1942
Platinum print
18 x 22.8cm



Dancing to the organ, Lambeth, 1893
Platinum print
10 x 7.5cm



The Old Empire
Platinum print
17.5 x 23.5cm



Southend Beach, 1905



Yarmouth sands, 1892

Link:

Victoria and Albert Museum: Exploring Photography

Étienne-Jules Marey (1830 – 1904) - The Study of Movement

Marey - Studies on human motion






Marey - Studies on animal motion, 1880s












Marey's photographic gun

source: Wikipedia



Marey and colleagues, a flip book experiment






Links:

Movements of Air Etienne-Jules Marey (1830-1904) Photographer of Fluids

Works about and by Marey

Marey's Flip Book by Philipp Felsch

Marey- online exhibition





Ernst Mach: physicist and photographer

source: http://www.bath.ac.uk/ncuacs/FP_Fuessl.htm


Ernst Mach (1838 – 1916) was influential as a physicist and philosopher of science in the late part of the 19th century and early part of the 20th century. He was one of the first to systematically investigate super-sonic motion using photographic techniques that he created in the early 1890s. The photographs of bullets in motion reveal (as shadows) the waves produced as the bullet approaches and surpasses the speed of sound.


Links:
Deutsches Museum E. March archive
Scientific photographs of Ernst Mach online by Wilhelm Fuessl





Degas photographer

Edgar Degas
DANCER (ARMS OUTSTRETCHED)
1895 or 1896
Gelatin dry-plate negative

source: http://classes.asn.csus.edu/vail/art101/degas.htm




After the Bath, Woman Drying Her Back
Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas
French, 1896
Gelatin silver print
6 1/2 x 4 11/16 in.

source: http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=47047&handle=li




Edgar DegasAfter the Bath, Woman Drying Her Back
pastel, 1896




Louise Halévy Reclining
Edgar Germain Hilaire Degas
French, 1895
Gelatin silver print
3 3/4 x 3 1/16 in.

source: http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=61459&handle=li

Links:

Degas' funereal photography By Christopher Benfey

Degas' Photos of Dancers by Morgan Alonso




Art and Photography: new images of art

In the mid 1800s, the documentary powers of photography were applied in systematic ways to works of art and architecture by photographers such as James Anderson, Adolphe Braun, the Alinari brothers, Roger Fenton and others.

Soon, large photography enterprises developed for the publication of art reproductions. The photographer took over, not without protest initially, the market of reproductions that belonged to printmakers and painters.





James Anderson (British, 1813 - 1877)
Colossal bust of Antinous from the Villa Adriana, near Tivoli.




James Anderson
Rome, Colosseum and Arch of Costantin landscape
c. 1860, Albumen print
42.2 x 21.5 cm


James Anderson L'Arco di Tito [Rome] c. 1853
Wet-collodion-glass-negative 25.5 x 18.6 cm (10 x 7.5 )



James Anderson - Roman Forum



James Anderson - Arch of Constantine, Rome, c. 1858




James Anderson - Venetian Palace, c. 1870s



Comte Frédéric Flachéron
Rome, The Ara Coeli and the Dioscuri of the Capitol
1851
Salt print from calotype
35.5 x 25.0 cm


Adolphe Braun

Art and Photography: mimesis and aura.

Walter Benjamin, c. 1938
photo by Gisèle Freund
The mimetic relationship that photography establishes with painting, drawing and printmaking , the attempt to "elevate" photography to the dignity and the cultural status of the established art forms of tradition, correspond to the initial phase of emergence of both a new technology of the image and a new visual practice.
Photography relationship with the established system of the arts was indeed from the beginning a source of cultural anxiety and insecurity. Anxiety that we can understand as the manifestation of an obscure intuition that the invention of photography brought about radical changes not just in image production and in our uses of images, but also changes in our understanding of images, and consequently, in our understanding of ourselves.
The total impact of this new form of vision in the system of the visual arts and in the larger field and forms of the visual culture of the modern world would be fully recognize…

Pictorialism

Robert Demachy, Speed 1904, gum-bichromate print




Robert Demachy, Severity 1904, gum-bichromate print






Robert Demachy, Behind the scenes, c. 1897, gum-bichromate print




A Documentary Art

Still Life with Fruit], 1860
Roger Fenton (British, 1819–1869)
Albumen silver print from glass negative; 13 7/8 x 16 15/16 in. (35.2 x 43.1 cm)
source: http://www.metmuseum.org/TOAH/HD/rfen/ho_2005.100.15.htm




Stillleben mit Hortensien, Holler, Forellengeranien (1854) by Adolphe Braun




Study of Leaves on a Background of Floral Lace, 1864
Charles-Hippolyte Aubry (French, 1811–1877)
Albumen silver print from glass negative; 18 3/8 x 14 1/2 in. (46.7 x 36.7 cm)
source: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/infp/ho_2004.106.htm








Photography and/as Fiction

L.M. Melender and brother, The Haunted Lane, c.1880. albumen stereograph, Library of Congress, Washington DC


Henry Peach Robinson (1830-1901)

Fading Away, 1858





Henry Peach Robinson, Carolling, 1890. Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Washington.

When the Day's Work is Done, 1877



The Lady of Shalott by Henry Peach Robinson (1830-1901). 1861.
Albumen print from two negatives, 12 x 10 in. (30.4 x 50.8 cm.). Unsigned. The Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, University of Texas (ace. no.964:057:068) Helmut Gernscheim Collection.

Ophellia by Sir John Everett Millais, 1852